Suicide, a word that everyone knows, but no one want to speak or discuss on it and even who commit the suicide doesn’t think about it before killing themself. Every single adult human in the whole world are not able to describe the situation of that victims who takes own life and the family of that victim are struggling, overwhelming grief, pain, confusion
Today we are here to write about it, what is suicide and its origin and what all the religion of the world said about it and what famous psychologist & the researchers of the world describe the mental situation of the victim.
An origin of word Suicide:
1651, New Latin coinage (probably originating in English) suīcīda, suīcīdium, from Latin Sui (from suus (“one’s own”)) + -cīda (“one who kills”). Compare self-slaughter, self-blood. Equivalent to -cide.
The above origin of the word Suicide is not describe the actual pain of the families, friend and relatives of the peoples who taken his own life.
Even all the religions of the world are categorized this act as a sinful act; here is the view of the top religion on the act of suicide.
As per the Hindus scriptures (Vedas) whenever, someone die by suicide (Or any type of violent death) are becoming a ghost and wandering on earth until the time one would have otherwise died, had on not died by suicide. Basically, taking own life considering a violation or equally sinful as murdering another.
The Mahabharata talks of suicide, stating those who commit it can never attain to regions (of heaven) that are blessed.
Hinduism only accepts a person’s right to end one’s life through the non-violent practice of fasting to death, termed Prayopavesa. Prayopavesa is for old age yogis who have no desire or ambition left, and no responsibilities remaining in this life. Another example is dying in a battle to save one’s honor.
Islam clearly prohibits suicide as a verse in the Holy book Quran:
“And do not kill yourselves; surely God is most Merciful to you.”
— Qur’an, Sura 4 (An-Nisa), ayat 29 
The prevention of suicide has also been said in statements of hadith (sayings of Prophet Muhammad);
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, “He who commits suicide by throttling shall keep on throttling himself in the Hell Fire (forever) and he who commits suicide by stabbing himself shall keep on stabbing himself in the Hell-Fire.”
— Sahih al-Bukhari, 2:23:446
There has been much debate over the Christian views on suicide, with early Christians believing that suicide is sinful and an act of violation. In modern times, some Christian churches reject this idea, although others still espouse and teach this view.
In the sixth century AD, suicide became a secular crime and began to be viewed as sinful. In 1533, those who died by suicide while accused of a crime were denied a Christian burial. In 1562, all suicides were punished in this way. In 1693, even attempted suicide became a religious crime, which could be punished by excommunication, with civil consequences following. In the 13th century, Thomas Aquinas denounced suicide as an act against God and as a sin for which one could not repent. Civil and criminal laws were enacted to discourage suicide, and as well as degrading the body rather than permitting a normal burial, property and possessions of the suicides and their families were confiscated
References taken from Wikipdia.org
One of the most prominent theorists of suicide is Edwin Shneidman. His theory states that suicide results from the perception of unendurable psychological pain, which he calls psychache. Another researcher of suicide, Aaron Beck, theorizes that our thoughts (i.e., cognitions) play a causal role in the development of suicidal behavior. This theory proposes that suicide results from cognitions that involve hopelessness—beliefs that things will not get better in the future.
Many association of Suicidology all over the world research and treat suicidal behavior. In this chain, the team of the American Association of Suicidology issued a list of warning signs for suicide that indicate severe and immediate risk for suicide. These warning signs are designed for the friends, family members, and any other people who may come into contact with a suicidal individual. The warning signs instruct that a person should get help immediately if he or she witnesses, hears, or sees any one or more of the following:
- Someone threatening to hurt or kill himself or herself
- Someone looking for ways to kill himself or herself by seeking access to pills, weapons, or other means
- Someone talking or writing about death, dying, or suicide
American Association of Suicidology. (n.d.). http://www.suicidology.org/